Advertisement

Neural Correlates of Cue-Evoked Synchronous Fear Responses

      Visiting a haunted house with friends is a rite of passage among teenagers. Interestingly, researchers find increased arousal and attentiveness to fear responses in response to threat when in the presence of friends (
      • Tashjian S.M.
      • Fedrigo V.
      • Molapour T.
      • Mobbs D.
      • Camerer C.F.
      Physiological responses to a haunted-house threat experience: Distinct tonic and phasic effects.
      ). Increased fear responses within a group are an example of emotional contagion, considered to be a primitive form of empathy (
      • Hatfield E.
      • Hatfield C.
      • Cacioppo J.T.
      • Rapson R.L.
      Emotional Contagion.
      ). Emotional contagion is defined as the automatic mimicry of the physical and emotional states of another individual. Emotional contagion of both positive and negative valence is used in every social interaction and increases unconscious behavioral synchrony (
      • Hatfield E.
      • Hatfield C.
      • Cacioppo J.T.
      • Rapson R.L.
      Emotional Contagion.
      ).
      SEE CORRESPONDING ARTICLE ON PAGE 322
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Biological Psychiatry
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Tashjian S.M.
        • Fedrigo V.
        • Molapour T.
        • Mobbs D.
        • Camerer C.F.
        Physiological responses to a haunted-house threat experience: Distinct tonic and phasic effects.
        Psychol Sci. 2022; 33: 236-248
        • Hatfield E.
        • Hatfield C.
        • Cacioppo J.T.
        • Rapson R.L.
        Emotional Contagion.
        Cambridge University Press, New York1994
        • Olsson A.
        • Nearing K.I.
        • Phelps E.A.
        Learning fears by observing others: The neural systems of social fear transmission.
        Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2007; 2: 3-11
        • Kim J.
        • Kim C.
        • Han H.B.
        • Cho C.J.
        • Yeom W.
        • Lee S.Q.
        • Choi J.H.
        A bird’s-eye view of brain activity in socially interacting mice through mobile edge computing (MEC).
        Sci Adv. 2020; 6eabb9841
        • Ito W.
        • Palmer A.J.
        • Morozov A.
        Social synchronization of conditioned fear in mice requires ventral hippocampus input to the amygdala.
        Biol Psychiatry. 2023; 93: 322-330
        • Xu H.
        • Liu L.
        • Tian Y.
        • Wang J.
        • Li J.
        • Zheng J.
        • et al.
        A disinhibitory microcircuit mediates conditioned social fear in the prefrontal cortex.
        Neuron. 2019; 102: 668-682.e5
        • Nomura H.
        • Teshirogi C.
        • Nakayama D.
        • Minami M.
        • Ikegaya Y.
        Prior observation of fear learning enhances subsequent self-experienced fear learning with an overlapping neuronal ensemble in the dorsal hippocampus.
        Mol Brain. 2019; 12: 21
        • ao R.P.
        • von Heimendahl M.
        • Bahr V.
        • Brecht M.
        Neuronal responses to conspecifics in the ventral CA1.
        Cell Rep. 2019; 27: 3460-3472.e3
        • Maren S.
        Neurobiology of Pavlovian fear conditioning.
        Annu Rev Neurosci. 2001; 24: 897-931
        • Kinreich S.
        • Djalovski A.
        • Kraus L.
        • Louzoun Y.
        • Feldman R.
        Brain-to-brain synchrony during naturalistic social interactions.
        Sci Rep. 2017; 717060

      Linked Article