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BAG3 Regulation of RAB35 Mediates the Endosomal Sorting Complexes Required for Transport/Endolysosome Pathway and Tau Clearance

Published:November 10, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2021.10.024

      Abstract

      Background

      Declining proteostasis with aging contributes to increased susceptibility to neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Emerging studies implicate impairment of the endosome-lysosome pathway as a significant factor in the pathogenesis of these diseases. Previously, we demonstrated that BAG3 regulates phosphorylated tau clearance. However, we did not fully define how BAG3 regulates endogenous tau proteostasis, especially in the early stages of disease progression.

      Methods

      Mass spectrometric analyses were performed to identify neuronal BAG3 interactors. Multiple biochemical assays were used to investigate the BAG3-HSP70-TBC1D10B (EPI64B)-RAB35-HRS regulatory networks. Live-cell imaging was used to study the dynamics of the endosomal pathway. Immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting were performed in human AD brains and in P301S tau transgenic mice with BAG3 overexpressed.

      Results

      The primary group of neuronal BAG3 interactors identified are involved in the endocytic pathway. Among them were key regulators of small GTPases, such as the RAB35 GTPase-activating protein TBC1D10B. We demonstrated that a BAG3-HSP70-TBC1D10B complex attenuates the ability of TBC1D10B to inactivate RAB35. Thus, BAG3 interacts with TBC1D10B to support the activation of RAB35 and recruitment of HRS, initiating endosomal sorting complex required for transport–mediated endosomal tau clearance. Furthermore, TBC1D10B shows significantly less colocalization with BAG3 in AD brains than in age-matched controls. Overexpression of BAG3 in P301S tau transgenic mice increased the colocalization of phosphorylated tau with the endosomal sorting complex required for transport III protein CHMP2B and reduced the levels of the mutant human tau.

      Conclusions

      We identified a novel BAG3-TBC1D10B-RAB35 regulatory axis that modulates endosomal sorting complex required for transport–dependent protein degradation machinery and tau clearance. Dysregulation of BAG3 could contribute to the pathogenesis of AD.

      Keywords

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