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PTSD Symptoms and Attachment Styles in World Trade Center Responders and Survivors: A Symptomics Approach

      Genetic epidemiologic studies suggest that attachment style may moderate genetic vulnerability to developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Living with PTSD symptoms is, in turn, associated with interpersonal difficulties, which often contribute to the chronicity of this disorder and negatively affect treatment outcomes. In the current study, we employed a novel ‘symptomics’ approach to identifying how individual PTSD symptoms related to attachment styles in World Trade Center (WTC) responders and survivors with PTSD participating in an ongoing trial of two web-based psychotherapies.
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