Advertisement

Modeling Bipolar Disorder in Animal Models

      The development of animal models of bipolar disorder (BD) is a challenge by its complicated clinical course, which involves mania, depression, mixed states, and euthymia. Most animal models of BD focus on inducing mania- or depression-like behavior individually. The intracerebroventricular administration of ouabain is an example of a pharmacological model, which has been increasingly explored in the study of BD.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Biological Psychiatry
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect