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The Potential of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Consensus Statement

      Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects approximately 1 in 59 children, but there are currently no biomedical treatments available that target the core symptoms (
      • Murphy C.M.
      • Wilson C.E.
      • Robertson D.M.
      • Ecker C.
      • Daly M.
      • Hammond N.
      • et al.
      Autism spectrum disorder in adults: Diagnosis, management, and health services development.
      ). Preliminary evidence suggests that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may have the potential to alleviate difficulties experienced by individuals with ASD (
      • Gómez L.
      • Vidal B.
      • Maragoto C.
      • Morales L.M.
      • Berrillo S.
      • Vera Cuesta H.
      • et al.
      Non-invasive brain stimulation for children with autism spectrum disorders: A short-term outcome study.
      ). The evidence supporting the use of rTMS for ASD has led researchers in the field to form a consensus group that has met annually since 2014. Here we summarize discussions from the most recent meeting in May 2017, including recommendations for future research directions.
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