Alterations of the Biological Clock May Contribute to the Emergence of Mental Disorders During Adolescence

  • Rainer Spanagel
    Address correspondence to Rainer Spanagel, Ph.D., Central Institute of Mental Health, Department of Psychopharmacology, J5, 68159 Mannheim, Germany.
    Department of Psychopharmacology, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim/Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany
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      Linked Article

      • Impact of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms on Addiction Vulnerability in Adolescents
        Biological PsychiatryVol. 83Issue 12
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          Sleep homeostasis and circadian function are important maintaining factors for optimal health and well-being. Conversely, sleep and circadian disruptions are implicated in a variety of adverse health outcomes, including substance use disorders. These risks are particularly salient during adolescence. Adolescents require 8 to 10 hours of sleep per night, although few consistently achieve these durations. A mismatch between developmental changes and social/environmental demands contributes to inadequate sleep.
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