Originally, the rhythmic structure of brain activity was dismissed as a meaningless
side product of neuronal activity. More recently, it has become increasingly clear
that rhythmic signals generated by brain networks play an important causal role in
cognition and behavior. These network oscillations exhibit relatively specific deficits
in psychiatric disorders. This plenary talk will show how the advent of non-invasive
brain stimulation for modulating cortical oscillations has provided groundbreaking
insights into the causal role of oscillations in physiological and pathological brain
function. The confluence of engineering, biology, and medicine has recently enabled
the rational design of the next generation of therapeutic strategies that target these
network oscillations for the treatment of psychiatric disorders such as depression
and schizophrenia. The talk will conclude with an outlook into the future what psychiatry
enabled by network neuroscience may look like.
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© 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc.