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The Importance of Immune System Diseases in the Etiology of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

  • Emma Maria Frans
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to Emma Maria Frans, Ph.D., Karolinska Institutet, The Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, PO Box 281, Stockholm 171 77, Sweden; .
    Affiliations
    Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
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      Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental condition known to have a complex etiology influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. In this issue of Biological Psychiatry, Instanes et al. show that chronic maternal diseases with immune system components are associated with ADHD in offspring (
      • Instanes J.T.
      • Halmøy A.
      • Engeland A.
      • Haavik A.
      • Furu K.
      • Klungsøyr K.
      Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in offspring of mothers with inflammatory and immune system diseases.
      ).
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