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The Potential Role of the Striatum in Antisocial Behavior and Psychopathy

  • Andrea L. Glenn
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to Andrea L. Glenn, Ph.D., Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Mental Health, 3 Second Hospital Avenue #03-01, Health Promotion Board Building, Singapore 168937
    Affiliations
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore
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  • Yaling Yang
    Affiliations
    Department of Neurology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California
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      In this review, we examine the functions of the striatum and the evidence that this brain region may be compromised in antisocial individuals. The striatum is involved in the processing of reward-related information and is thus important in reward-based learning. We review evidence from a growing number of brain imaging studies that have identified differences in the structure or functioning of the striatum either in antisocial groups or in relation to personality traits that are associated with antisocial behavior such as impulsivity and novelty seeking. Evidence from structural imaging studies suggests that the volume of the striatum is increased in antisocial populations, although evidence of localization to specific subregions is inconsistent. Functional imaging studies, which similarly tend to find increased functioning in the striatum, suggest that the striatum is not necessarily hypersensitive to the receipt of reward in antisocial individuals but instead may not be appropriately processing the absence of a reward, resulting in continuous responding to a stimulus that is no longer rewarding. This may impair the ability of individuals to flexibly respond to the environment, thus contributing to impulsivity and antisocial behavior. We conclude by discussing genetic and environmental factors that may affect the development of the striatum.

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