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A comparative evaluation of three self-rating scales for acute mania

  • Edward Altman
    Correspondence
    Address reprint requests to Edward Altman, PsyD, Director, Clinical Trials Support Office, Associate Professor of Psychology in Psychiatry, University of Illinois, Department of Psychiatry, 1601 W. Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60612
    Affiliations
    Psychiatric Institute, University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Psychiatry, Chicago, Illinois, USA
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  • Donald Hedeker
    Affiliations
    Psychiatric Institute, University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Psychiatry, Chicago, Illinois, USA
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  • James L Peterson
    Affiliations
    Psychiatric Institute, University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Psychiatry, Chicago, Illinois, USA
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  • John M Davis
    Affiliations
    Psychiatric Institute, University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Psychiatry, Chicago, Illinois, USA
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      Abstract

      This study compared the performance of three self-rating mania scales, The Internal State Scale (ISS), the Self-Report Manic Inventory (SRMI), and the Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale (ASRM), in a group of patients with acute mania. Forty-four adult inpatients with bipolar disorder, manic or mixed, completed all scales shortly after admission, and 31 patients completed them again after 4–6 weeks of pharmacotherapy. Patients also were rated by clinicians on the Clinician-Administered Rating Scale for Mania (CARS-M). At baseline, scores on the ASRM and the ISS well-being subscale were significantly correlated with CARS-M scores. Posttreatment scores were significantly decreased for the ASRM, SRMI, and the ISS activation subscale. The sensitivities for each scale to correctly identify patients with acute symptoms was 45% for the ISS, 86% for the SRMI, and 93% for the ASRM. Specificities were 73%, 46.6%, and 33%, respectively. The ASRM and SRMI were more sensitive than the ISS in screening patients with acute mania. All three measures were sensitive to treatment effects; however, the item content of the SRMI and the poor sensitivity of the ISS may limit their utility in inpatient settings.

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