Brief report| Volume 40, ISSUE 6, P553-555, September 15, 1996

Urinary epinephrine excretion during intelligence testing in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and normal boys

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.

      Key Words

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Biological Psychiatry
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • American Psychiatric Association
        3rd ed rev. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC1987
        • Dienstbier RA
        Arousal and physiological toughness: Implications for mental and physical health.
        Psychol Rev. 1989; 96: 84-100
        • Elwood SW
        • Ferguson HB
        • Thakar J
        Catecholamine response of children in a naturally occurring stressor situation.
        J Human Stress. 1986; 12: 154-161
        • Goldstein DS
        • Stull R
        • Zimlichman R
        • Levinson PD
        • Smith H
        • Keiser HR
        Simultaneous measurement of DOPA, DOPAC, and cathecholamines in plasma by liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection.
        Clin Chem. 1984; 30: 815-816
        • Klinteberg BA
        • Magnusson D
        Aggressiveness and hyperactive behavior as related to adrenaline excretion.
        Eur J Personality. 1989; 3: 81-93
        • Mefford IN
        • Potter WZ
        A neuroanatomical and biochemical basis for attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity in children: A defect in tonic adrenaline mediated inhibition of locus coeruleus stimulation.
        Med Hypotheses. 1989; 29: 33-42
        • Ornitz EM
        • Hanna GL
        • de Traversay J
        Prestimulation-induced startle modulation in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and nocturnal enuresis.
        Psychophysiology. 1992; 29: 437-451
        • Parra A
        • Ramirez del Angel A
        • Cervantes C
        • Sanchez M
        Urinary excretion of catecholamines in healthy subjects in relation to body growth.
        Acta Endocrinol. 1980; 94: 546-551
        • Pliszka SR
        • Maas JW
        • Javors MA
        • Rogeness GA
        • Baker J
        Urinary catecholamines in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder with and without comorbid anxiety.
        J Am Acad Adolesc Psychiatry. 1994; 33: 1165-1173
        • Tennes K
        • Kreye M
        • Avitable N
        • Wells R
        Behavioral correlates of excreted catecholamines and cortisol in second-grade children.
        J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1986; 25: 764-770
        • Ullmann RK
        • Sleator EK
        • Sprague RL
        Introduction to the use of ACTeRS.
        Psychopharmacol Bull. 1985; 21: 915-920
        • Wechsler D
        Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised.
        Psychological Corporation, Washington DC1974
        • Welner Z
        • Rich W
        • Herjanic B
        • Jung K
        • Amado H
        Reliability, validity, and child agreement studies of the Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents (DICA).
        J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1987; 265: 649-653
        • Zametkin AJ
        • Rapoport JL
        Neurobiology of attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity: Where have we come in 50 years?.
        J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1987; 26: 676-686